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Asynchronous programming

Asynchronous interaction between Gear programs is similar to the usual asynchronous request in using await and implemented by sending a message.

Program entry points

if a program uses asynchronous messages, its main executable functions change


In case if there is an asynchronous call in the program initialization, then instead of init() we should use async_init():

async fn init() {
gstd::debug!("Hello world!");


The same for asynchronous messages, instead of handle handle_reply we use main:

async fn main() {
gstd::debug!("Hello world!");

async_init сan be used together with async_main. But functions init, handle_reply cannot be specified if this macro is used.

Cross-program message

To send message to a Gear program use function send_for_reply(program, payload, value), in this function:

  • program - the address of the program to send the message for;
  • payload - the message to the program;
  • value - the funds attached to the message.
  pub fn send_for_reply_as<E: Encode, D: Decode>(
program: ActorId,
payload: E,
value: u128
) -> Result<CodecMessageFuture<D>>